Mechanochemically Prepared and Spark Plasma Sintered Aluminum Matrix Composite with Ceramic and Intermetallic Reinforcement

Petra Hanusová, Vít Jan, Ivo Dlouhý

Abstract


Preparation of aluminium matrix composites reinforced by fine niobium boride particles was investigated while exploiting the advantages of mechano-chemical processing and spark plasma sintering. For this purpose, a mixture of aluminium, niobium and boron (III) oxide powders were subjected to high energy ball milling. Subsequently, spark plasma sintering was applied. The microstructures of the powder mixture before and after sintering were characterized via X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopic observation. Nanoindentation was also employed to characterize the composite performance. X-ray diffraction analysis showed formation of niobium boride particles after mechano-chemical processing. The results indicated that the volume fraction of niobium boride particles was significantly increased and intermetallic Al3Nb particles have been detected after the spark plasma sintering. The instrumented indentation revealed improvement in hardness by 2.9 GPa as well as in the modulus of elasticity by 98 GPa; the final values of 5.7 GPa and 135 GPa respectively being higher than those of comparable aluminium matrix composites. 


Keywords


Mechanochemical synthesis; Aluminum matrix composite, Intermetallic particles, SPS.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Scudino, S.; Liu, G.; Prashanth, K.G.; Bartusch, B.; Surreddi, K.B.; Murty, B.S.; Eckert, J. Acta Materialia 2009, 57, 2029-2039, DOI:10.1016/j.actamat.2009.01.010

Miracle, D.B. Composites Science and Technology 2005, 65, 2526-2540, DOI:10.1016/j.compscitech.2005.05.027.

Rudianto, H.; Jang, G.J.; Yang, S.S.; Kim, Y.J.; Dlouhy, I. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2015, 8, DOI: 10.1155/2015/987687.

Nakano, K.; Doi, M.; Kuwayama, K.; Imura, T. Journal of the Less Common Metals 1981, 82, 309-316, DOI: 10.1016/0022-5088(81)90233-2.

Usta, M. Surface and Coatings Technology 2005, 194, 251-255, DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2004.06.040.

Tsuchida, T.; Kakuta, T. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2005, 398, 67-73, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2005.01.049.

Maeda, H.; Yoshikawa, T.; Kusakabe, K.; Morooka, S. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 1994, 215, 127-134.

Jafari, M.; Tajizadegan, H.; Golabgir, M.H.; Chami, A.; Torabi, O. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 2015, 50, 86-92, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2014.10.017.

Tsuchida, T.; Kakuta, T. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2006, 415, 156-161, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2005.08.012.

Reddy, B.S.B.; Das, K.; Das, S. Journal of Materials Science 2007, 42, 9366-9378, DOI: 10.1007/s10853-007-1827-z.

Sim, K.H.; Wang, G.; Ju, J.M.; Yang, J.; Li, X. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2017, 704, 425-433, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.01.354.

Balaz, P. Mechanochemistry in nanoscience and minerals engineering. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg: 2008; p 413.

Mohammad Sharifi, E.; Karimzadeh, F.; Enayati, M.H. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2009, 482, 110-113, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.04.051.

Sharifi, E.M.; Karimzadeh, F.; Enayati, M.H. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2010, 491, 411-415, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.10.206.

Suryanarayana, C. Progress in Materials Science 2001, 46, 1-184, DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6425(99)00010-9.

Sharifi, E.M.; Karimzadeh, F.; Enayati, M.H. Advanced Powder Technology 2011, 22, 526-531, DOI: 10.1016/j.apt.2010.07.010.

Long, J.H.; Gong, H. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2014, 39, 18989-18996, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.09.033.

Shang, C.X.; Bououdina, M.; Guo, Z.X. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2003, 349, 217-223, DOI: /10.1016/S0925-8388(02)00920-9.

Murty, B.S.; Ranganathan, S. International Materials Reviews 1998, 43, 101-141, DOI: 10.1179/imr.1998.43.3.101.

Hanusova, P.; Dlouhy, I. TANGER Ltd.: Ostrava, 2018, 26th International Metallurgical and Materials Conference, Brno 2017.

Torabi, O.; Naghibi, S.; Golabgir, M.H.; Tajizadegan, H.; Jamshidi, A. Ceramics International 2015, 41, 5362-5369, DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.12.095.

Benjamin, J.S. Metallurgical Transactions 1970, 1, 2943-2951, DOI: 10.1007/BF03037835.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Petra Hanusová

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

................................

Articles published in the journal of Materials Engineering / Materialove inzinierstvo are indexed in Directory of Open Access Journals, Index Copernicus International, Google Scholar, Open J-GateBielefeld Academic Search Engine, Academic journal database, The Open Access Digital Library, ABC Chemistry - free chemical information, New jour, Academic Keys, Ulrich's Serials Solutions (a Proquest Business), EBSCO Academic Search, SHERPA/RoMEOGenamics JournalSeek, New York University Libraries, TrueserialsProQuest Database: ProQuest Engineering Journals, Cornell University Library,Scientific indexing services. You can find us on Facebook, Google Groups and Linked IN.