Analysis of the austenitic stainless steel's r-value behavior at elevated temperatures

Dušan Arsić, Milan Djordjević, Srbislav Aleksandrović, Vukić Lazić, Ruzica R. Nikolic, Branislav Hadzima


An analysis of the anisotropy properties of austenitic steel AISI 304 (X5CrNi18-10) at elevated temperatures is presented in this paper. Considerations of the anisotropy problems are presented in the theoretical part of the paper, as well as the procedure for determination of the normal anisotropy coefficient. The experimental part of the paper describes the plan, methodology and equipment for testing of material's normal anisotropy and mechanical characteristics. The objective of conducting the experiments was to investigate influence of temperature on normal anisotropy, as well as on the mechanical properties of the considered material. The normal anisotropy was monitored by the coefficient – the so-called "r-value". Besides that, the tensile strength, yield stress and elongation at break were monitored, also. The tests were done on the 0.7 mm thick sheet metal within the temperature range 20 to 700°C.


Normal Anisotropy; Sheet Metal; Stainless Steel; r-value; Elevated Temperatures; Mechanical properties.

Full Text:



S. Aleksandrović, M. Stefanović, D. Adamović, V. Lazić: Strojn. Vest. – J. Mech. Eng. 55 (6) (2009) 392-399.

F. Yoshida, H. Hamasakia, T. Uemori: Proc. Eng. 81 (2014) 1216-1221.

Q. Zhang, H. Guo, F. Xiao, L. Gao, A. B. Bondarev, W. Han: J. of Mater. Process. Technol. 209 (2009) 5514-5520.

S. R. Agnew, O. Duygulu: Int. J. Plast. 21 (2005) 1161-1193.

T. Walde: Int. J. Refrac. Met. & Hard Mater. 26 (2008) 396-403.

S. K. Paul: J. Mater. Eng. & Perform. 23 (2014), 3610-3619.

V. A. Ivoditov, M. M. Perkas, A. E. Shelest, V. S. Yusupov: Rus. Metal. 4 (2007) 304-309.

D. Banabic, F. Barlat, O. Cazacu, T. Kuwabara, Anisotropy and Formability, Advances in Material Forming - Esaform 10 years on, Ed: F. Chinesta, E. Cueto, Springer, Heidelberg-Berlin, 2007, pp. 143-173.

K. H. Chang, Product Manufacturing and Cost Estimating using CAD/CAE, The Computer Aided Engineering Design Series, Elsevier, 2013, Chapter 4, pp. 133-190.

Handbook of Stainless Steel, Outokumpu Oyj Publisher, Espoo, Finland 2013.

F. Stachowicz, T. Trzepieciński, T. Pieja: Arch. Civ. & Mech. Eng. 10 (4) (2010) 85-94.

S. Aleksandrović: Sila držanja i upravljanje procesom dubokog izvlačenja (Blank Holding Force and Deep Drawing Process Control), monograph, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Kragujevac, 2005. (In Serbian).

AK Steel Product data bulletin: Stainless steel 304/304L.

D. Arsić, M. Djordjević, S. Aleksandrović, V. Lazić, R. Nikolić, B. Hadzima: In Proc. SEMDOK 2015, Ed: P. Palcek, Terchova, Slovakia, 2015, pp. 5-8.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Dušan Arsić, Milan Djordjević, Srbislav Aleksandrović, Vukić Lazić, Ruzica R. Nikolic, Branislav Hadzima

License URL:


Articles published in the journal of Materials Engineering / Materialove inzinierstvo are indexed in Directory of Open Access Journals, Index Copernicus International, Google Scholar, Open J-GateBielefeld Academic Search Engine, Academic journal database, The Open Access Digital Library, ABC Chemistry - free chemical information, New jour, Academic Keys, Ulrich's Serials Solutions (a Proquest Business), EBSCO Academic Search, SHERPA/RoMEOGenamics JournalSeek, New York University Libraries, TrueserialsProQuest Database: ProQuest Engineering Journals, Cornell University Library,Scientific indexing services. You can find us on Facebook, Google Groups and Linked IN.